Rape can be defined as a traumatic experience that impacts its victims in a physical, psychological, and sociological way. Though the effects and aftermath of rape can be entirely different or can differentiate among victims, individuals who tend to suffer from similar issues found within the above mentioned categories. Long term reactions may include the development of coping mechanisms which can or will either benefit the victim, such as social support, or inhibit their recovery. Seeking support and other professional resources may assist the victim in numerous ways.
Physical effects of Rape May include;
Gynecological Effects experienced by rape victims may include:
Vaginal or anal bleeding or maybe infection
Hypoactive s3xual desire disorder
Vaginitis or vaginal inflammation
Dyspareunia which means painful s3xual intercourse
Vaginismus this is a condition affecting a woman's ability to engage in any form of vaginal penetration
Chronic pelvic pain
Urinary tract infections
A typical Experience of coerced s3x at an early age usually reduces a woman's ability to see her s3xuality as something over which she has control or can be controlled. As a result of this, it is most likely that an adolescent girl who has once been forced into s3x will use condoms or other forms of contraception, which can decrease the likelihood or chances of her not becoming pregnant.
In year 1991, a study in a maternity hospital in Lima discovered that 90% of new mothers aged 12–16 had become pregnant from being raped, the majority of it by their father, stepfather or other close relative. An organization established for teenage mothers in Costa Rica reported that 95% of its clients under the age of 15 had been victims of incest.
Any pregnancy resulting from an encounter with a stranger carries a higher risk of pre-eclampsia which is the condition in which hypertension arises in pregnancy and in association or conjunction with significant amounts of protein in the urine. Repeated exposure to the same partner's semen tends to reduces the risk, through induction of paternal tolerance.
s3xually transmitted diseases
Research on women in shelters has shown had proven that women who experience both s3xual and physical abuse from intimate partners are significantly more likely to have had s3xually transmitted diseases.
Psychological effects may include;
Most rape survivors actually experience a stronger psychological impact at their initial period after their assault however, many o quite a lot of survivors experience long-lasting psychological harm.
Survivors of rape always or may often have anxiety and fear directly following their attack.
After an attack, rape survivors do experience heightened anxiety and fear. Survivors of rape always have high levels of anxiety and phobia. This includes and is not limited to the following:
Feelings of dread
Feeling tense or uneasy
Having panic attacks
Having an irrational response to certain stimuli
- Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Many survivors of rape have quite suffered Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. The National Victim Center and the Crime Victim's Research and Treatment Center also released a report that actually found 31% of women who were raped develop PTSD at some point of their lives following their attack.
It has been proven that Women who were raped were more depressed than women who were not. A test concluded that forty-five percent of the women assessed in the study were moderately or severely depressed.
- Self blame
Self blame is also among the most common effects and it functions as an avoidance coping skill that inhibits the healing process and it can often be remedied by a cognitive therapy technique widely known as cognitive restructuring.
There are two types of self-blame which includes;
Behavioral self-blame i.e undeserved blame based on actions and characterological self-blame or undeserved blame based on character.
Say No to Rape!